Example Of Reflected Appraisal

Are you the sort of person who relies on the opinions of others to move forward in life? It is common to seek your friend’s or workmate’s advice in order to determine whether or not things are going well in your life. This is what you want from them—a reflected appraisal. However, not everyone lives that way. They typically don’t care what other people think of them and are content with themselves. To help you learn this idea, we will give you an example of reflected appraisal in this article.

What Is Meant By Reflected Appraisal?

The phrase “reflective assessment” refers to a person’s impression of how others view and assess them. The reflected appraisal process comes to the conclusion that people start to view themselves as other people do.

How much this reflected appraisal can alter a person’s perception of themselves depends on a variety of different factors. For instance, people frequently react more strongly to judgments made by someone who is seen as very reputable.

What Is The Psychological Concept Of Reflected Appraisal?

We all adhere to the psychological principle of reflected appraisal throughout our entire lives. In psychology, the term “reflected appraisal” refers to a person’s conception of who they are based on how they believe others see and assess them.

According to the idea of “reflective appraisal,” people generate opinions about themselves based on what they believe others think of them. The problem with this is that most of the time, an individual’s perception and other people’s actual thoughts and assessments do not match up very well. It implies that the majority of how we view ourselves is based on what we believe others think of us.

When Did The Term Reflected Appraisal Come About?

Charles H. Cooley was the first to define the process of reflected appraisal when he discussed his concept of the looking-glass self. Harry Stack Sullivan first used the phrase “reflected appraisal” in 1953 when he wrote The Interpersonal Theory of Psychiatry (1902).

What Is An Example Of Reflected Appraisal?

Reflected appraisals have a massive effect on how we view ourselves, frequently without our knowledge or agreement. For instance, we believe we are humorous when other people laugh at our jokes. Their laughter makes us laugh, which affects how we perceive ourselves; we feel gratified, which strengthens the idea that we are funny. We can assume that we are not funny if other people don’t laugh at our jokes, and we might even feel ashamed.

Reflected appraisals affect not only our self-perceptions but also our actions. If we feel that others do not think highly of us, we may change our actions in an effort to improve their perception of us. This is particularly important if these individuals have a big influence over our lives or well-being, such as parents, teachers, doctors, and employers.

The Effects Of Reflected Appraisals In Our Life

The impacts of your reflected appraisals are far more effective, the effects of both favorable and unfavorable reflected appraisals from others in your relationships, whether platonic or romantic, can occasionally be equally strong.

This depends on a few factors, including how you think the other person feels about you (positively or negatively), the motivations underlying those feelings, and how highly you regard their view. Being conscious of our actions with regard to reflected appraisals will help us to maximize the effectiveness of our interactions and build better links with others.

It could be a satisfying or unpleasant experience. In contrast to a negative reflected appraisal, a well-reflected appraisal can increase self-esteem and confidence.

How Reflected Appraisals Can And Often Do Influence Your Self-Concept?

self concept and reflected appraisal

People are more likely to be impacted by judgments made by someone who is seen as extremely reputable. Imagine that you are a talented artist and that your first gallery exhibition is taking place. One of your most respected mentors evaluates your work and gives it a perfect rating. The compliment will be far more credible because you see this person as a very reliable source than if it were given by a random stranger on the street.

The degree to which a person is impacted by the procedure can also depend on whether they receive comparable evaluations from a variety of sources. If you get compliments from a well-known local artist, several university art professors, and a local art critic, the total of all these assessments is probably going to be more meaningful and have a bigger effect on your self-concept.

Family dynamics may affect how reflected appraisal affects one’s feelings about oneself. For instance, children who have parents who constantly provide positive and encouraging feedback are more likely to develop a stronger sense of self and higher levels of self-esteem as they get older.

What Is The Presenting Self?

The public persona we exhibit is called the presenting self, and it is typically a persona that is accepted by society. Facework refers to the verbal and nonverbal behaviors we use to maintain our faces and the faces of others. The face is the term used to refer to the socially acceptable identity we project.

Personal presentation is the art of sending the right signals to the people you are interacting with and the scenario itself. Because of the way they show themselves, people who lack self-esteem and confidence may be unable to successfully communicate their ideas or make the most of their talents.

How Do You Answer An Appraisal Question?

Be explicit and descriptive when describing the good and bad aspects of your work. You should constantly take into account both your good and negative performance characteristics for each of the areas. Decide where you performed better than expected, where you met them, and where and how you can still improve.

How Do I Start My Own Self-Appraisal?

How Do I Start My Own Self-Appraisal?

The following are some steps you can take to begin your practice of self-evaluation. Long-term self-awareness will result from the consistent practice of these techniques.

List your greatest successes and pinpoint your areas that need improvement.

In your self-evaluation, you have the chance to emphasize how your particular strengths helped you achieve your objectives while also being open about any areas where you need to improve.

Spend some time contrasting your current performance with your job description before composing your self-evaluation. Where were you the best? What did you do wrong? What personal assets or weaknesses played a role in this?

Once you’ve made both lists, evaluate how they line up with the objectives, beliefs, and missions of your department or company.

Create an action plan

It’s essential to have a strategy in place if you want to complete tasks on schedule. Without a plan, you won’t achieve your goals, which will leave you unsatisfied and unmotivated to complete your remaining duties.

Assemble data to establish impact.

Using quantitative data in your self-evaluation will highlight the genuine value you bring. It also benefits in validating your outcomes.

Include both numbers and action words for the best outcomes. For instance, you might state, “My sales have increased by x% since my last review,” rather than, “I am one of our top sales associates.”

You can utilize analytics to set SMART goals for your upcoming review period in addition to using them to highlight your accomplishments.

Set SMART goals

Specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, and time-bound goals are the acronym of SMART goals. To create such goals, you must first choose your short-term goal, which will greatly help you in achieving your long-term targets.

Reflected Appraisal Vs Social Comparison

There is a big difference between a reflected appraisal and a social comparison. According to the social comparison theory, people judge their own social and personal values by how they compare to others; reflected evaluation refers to an individual’s sense of how others view and evaluate them.

Why Do We Compare Ourselves With Others?

People frequently judge their own attractiveness, money, intelligence, and achievement, as well as those of others. Some studies claim that comparisons of some form occur in up to 10% of our thoughts. 

Why do we do that? Humans frequently make comparisons, which can be beneficial for the process of improving oneself. We learn about our goals and where we want to go from comparing ourselves to others, and we also receive insightful feedback on how we stack up. They can, however, also leave us in great emotional suffering.

Cognitive Conservatism

“Cognitive conservatism” is the tendency to stubbornly hold onto one’s ideas, whether they be religious, political, or intellectual, despite overwhelming evidence to the contrary.

Conservatism in psychology is the difficulty or refusal to fundamentally alter one’s beliefs in response to compelling modern facts. Additionally, conservatism is a sociopolitical philosophy that supports conventional viewpoints on things like culture, ownership, and government.

Final Thoughts

By setting and achieving goals, you can improve your relationships with others and perform better in work and social situations, among other things. In conclusion, social comparison is something we should or shouldn’t practice in a regulated and sensible method to reach an unbiased view of our personal attributes.


What is reflected appraisal in communication?

In psychology, reflected appraisal refers to a person’s perception of how others see and evaluate him or her. According to the reflected appraisal process, people come to think of themselves in the way they believe others think of them.

What is reflected appraisal and social comparison?

This is referred to as social comparison theory. As with reflected appraisal, certain people (those closest to us) have a greater influence on our self-concept than others. When we compare ourselves to those we perceive to be better than us, we engage in upward social comparison.

Can reflected appraisal be positive?

The individual then decides whether these opinions are positive or negative. Based on these perceived ‘discoveries,’ the individual develops a self-concept, which can be positive or negative.

What is subjective self-concept?

Subjective self-concept clarity refers to people’s perceptions of their own clarity. This is the amount of clarity a person believes she has about herself, regardless of whether her self-concept is stable, consistent, or well-organized.

What is self evaluation?

Self-evaluation is a method of systematically observing, analyzing, and valuing your own professional actions and outcomes in order to stabilize or improve them. This can happen on an individual or organizational level. To self-evaluate, people investigate and evaluate their own professional work.

What is self evaluation in education?

Self-assessment allows students to self-evaluate or make judgments about their learning process and learning products based on criteria agreed upon with their instructor.

How to evaluate yourself as a person?

Here’s how you can put your affirmations into practice:

“I believe I am very aware of my own strengths and weaknesses, which allows me to manage my emotions and frustrations while also appreciating the value of my colleagues’ ideas, opinions, and challenges.” I am a good listener and always try to understand and listen to my colleagues’ concerns.”

What does self-evaluation of perspective mean?

Self-evaluation is the process of critically assessing one’s own performance, in which explicit criteria are used to examine and evaluate work in comparison to a set of established standards.

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